Pregnancy A-Z

Pregnancy

          

 

Table of Content

  1. How to get pregnant;
  2. What is the best time to get pregnant?
  3. How many sperm do you need to get pregnant?
  4. Am I ovulating?
  5. Pregnancy symptoms
  6. How to check pregnancy?
  7. Which pregnancy test is reliable?
  8. How to use a pregnancy calculator?
  9. 1st trimester
    Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12
  10. 2nd trimester
    Pregnancy week by week 13 to24
  11. 3rd trimester
    Pregnancy week by week 25 to 36+
  12. Baby birth.

 

Pregnancy A-Z

Pregnancy a to z article provided by Baby Connecting Team. its all information about pregnancy

How to get pregnant;

Sperms of males will swim “up” completed with the uterus of the female, and it is of no importance what position your body is. If there is an egg standby, conception departs as quickly as three minutes after penetration. That’s means; sperm can survive inside the female reproductive system for up to five days.

You’re most fertility at the time of the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary, which usually occurs 12 to 14 days before your next period starts. That’s the time of the month when you’re nearly probable to get pregnant. It’s implausible that you’ll get pregnant just after your period, even though it can happen.

 

 

What is the best time to get pregnant?

 

If your menstrual cycle lasts 28 days and your period arrives like clockwork, you’ll likely ovulate on day 14. That’s halfway through your cycle. Your fertile window begins on day 10. You’re more likely to get pregnant if you have sex at least every other day between days 10 and 14 of a 28-day cycle.

 Read about Not Getting pregnant After Miscarriage

 

How many sperm do you need to get pregnant?

 

It takes just one sperm to fertilize a woman’s egg. Keep in mind, though, for each sperm that reaches the egg, millions don’t. On average, each time a man ejaculates, he releases nearly 100 million sperm.

 



 

Am I ovulating?

 

when an egg is released from one of your ovaries is called Ovulation. … your cervical mucus – you may notice wetter, more transparent, and more slippery phlegm around the time of Ovulation. Your body temperature – there’s a small rise in body temperature after Ovulation takes place, which you may be able to detect with a thermometer.

 Read about is it safe to get pregnant after Miscarriage

Pregnancy symptoms

  • Tender, swelling thorax. Your thorax may provide one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. …
  • Tiredness. …
  • Nausea with or without vomiting. …
  • Headaches. …
  • Slight bleeding or cramping. …
  • Constipation. …
  • Food aversions or cravings. …
  • Mood swings.

 

The symptoms of pregnancy like breast tenderness, nausea, amenorrhoea, urinary frequency combined with a positive urinary or serum pregnancy tests are usually satisfactory confirmation of a pregnancy, and the internal examination to appraise uterine is generally not necessary. All pregnant women should provide a dating scan, which both confirm the pregnancy and exactness of dates.

Read about Early Pregnancy symptoms for Twins

How to check pregnancy?

When you are pregnant, your body needs time to formulate detectable levels of HCG.

You should wait to determine a pregnancy test at least one to two weeks after having sex with your partner or a week after a missed period for the most exact result.

Which pregnancy test is reliable?

When a woman believes herself to be pregnant, she is encouraged to make contact with a community midwife, or less commonly, her GP, who will confirm the pregnancy with a urine and serum pregnancy test.

This initial contact with a health care professional should be a straightforward process that can occur in a verity of settings. At this point, or shortly afterward, the community midwife will take a detailed history, examine the women and perform a series of routine investigations (with the women’s consent) so that appropriate care can be offered.

This is known as the booking visit. If risk factors are identified, which may negatively impact on the pregnancy outcome, the gynecologist will access specific services on behalf of the woman.

This may mean a recommendation to a hospital consultant obstetric clinic or specialist substance misuse or perinatal mental health teams. Issues raised at the booking visit may need to be explored in some depth.

Here are some products which are used to check pregnancy.

Best Overall: First Response Pregnancy Test

“Get results up to six days before your missed period.”

Best Budget: ClinicalGuard HCG Pregnancy Test

“Just as accurate as a stick test but cost way less.”

Fastest Test: Clearblue Pregnancy Test

“Find out as soon as one minute after taking the test.”

Best Digital: Clearblue Digital Test w/Smart Countdown

“There’s no need to interpret any lines, symbols, or colors.”

Best Strips: Pregmate Pregnancy Urine Test Strips

“These no-frills test strips will get the job done quickly.”

Best Assurance: First Response Triple Check Test

“Comes with three tests to give you the confirmation you need.”

Best Ovulation Test: Pregmate LH Ovulation Test

“A positive result means you’ll likely ovulate within 24 to 48 hours.”

Best Kit: Pregmate LH Test Strips

“For couples trying to conceive, this pack can be a massive help.”

Read About Top best 5 Pregnancy Powders

 

How to use a pregnancy calculator?

 

Many calculators are available on the internet. You can easily use these calculators by providing your period due date, conception date, ultrasound date, last period date, or IVF transfer date.



 

Pregnancy a Procedure

1st trimester                                                                              

Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12

1st trimester  Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12
1st trimester     Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12
Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12
Pregnancy week by week 1 to 12

#Week 1

Baby length 0

Baby weight 0

Because your egg can live for only 24 hours after ovulation, timing is of utmost importance to ensure that Conception occurs. Even though there are many eggs inside a woman’s ovaries, usually only one is released at the time of Ovulation.

Ovulation is the exciting time in your body .you may notice slight cramping in the abdomen around ovulation.

 

 

# Week 2

Baby length 0

Baby weight 0

 

You’re DNA and that of the biological father form a new cell called a ‘zygote’. Beginning a process of rapid growth, the zygote divides and keeps on dividing to form a solid mass of cells called the morula. The morula doubles in size about every 12 hours. You don’t know it yet, but you’re pregnant. All that hard work has finally paid off.

.The hormone that shows up in your blood and urine and serves as a sign of pregnancy. It’s that wonderful substance that turns the line positive on your home pregnancy test. everything that goes into your body will reach your developing baby.

# week 3

Baby length 0

Baby weight 0

The cells are continuing to divide to form the embryo rapidly. Your pregnancy can be measured in ‘Fetal age’ or ‘Gestational age.’ Because pregnancy symptoms are very similar to pre-menstrual symptoms, you may think you’re about to get your period. The breast tenderness and mild cramps that some women usually experience may still occur.

It’s possible that you even spot a little bit during implantation, but this is normal. Your heart may be beating up to 15 times more per minute, which is also normal as your heart is trying to get used to pumping the extra blood.

For those carrying twins, the level of hCG may be higher than with one baby, sometimes an early indicator of a twin pregnancy. Get proper rest, keep taking your prenatal vitamins and be as healthy as you can. Once you’ve had a positive pregnancy test, either at home or the doctor’s office, you’re probably ready to shout to the world ‘I’m pregnant!

 

#week 4

Baby length 2mm

Baby weight 0

. The placenta has started to develop, and three distinct layers of cells form in the embryo. The first layer will form the digestive system, liver and lungs of your baby; the second will form the heart, muscles, kidneys, reproductive organs and bones of your baby; and, the third will form their nervous system, hair, skin and eyes. Two major processes occur during this week. Firstly, the neural tube, which is the precursor to your baby’s brain and spinal cord, forms from the ectoderm layer.



Folic acid is vital in this process, and this is why it is often recommended as a supplement. It is the time that you begin to have morning sickness. Your uterus is growing and pressing on your bladder and sending you to the bathroom to pee more often. The tenderness in your breasts is increasing as the milk glands that will feed your baby are multiplying.

Cravings are probably the most joked about side effect of pregnancy. It’s normal for mom-to-be to experience sudden urges for specific, and sometimes unusual, foods.

 

#week 5

Baby length 6mm

Baby weight 0.2gm

Believe it or not, although it is too early to hear, the heart starts beating on or around day 21 after conception (day 35 of pregnancy). Your baby’s spinal cord is beginning to form, with the neural tube starting to close. On a week 5  baby is now shaped like a tadpole, a bump at one end will develop into the head, and the tail will form the trunk.

Baby is now growing a thin layer of skin to cover everything up. Women who experience morning sickness will lose a bit of weight in the first trimester. However, some others may have gained a pound or two by this point in their pregnancy. If you have symptoms of heartburn or nausea, avoid greasy and fatty foods.

 

#week 6

Baby length 1.3mm

Baby weight 0.5gm

The brain is developing particularly fast, making your baby’s head much larger in proportion to the rest of the body. As the brain and head continue to build, so do the eyes and ears, the inner ear takes shape, and the eyelids begin to develop. Your baby’s kidneys are starting the development.

Your baby’s eyes are visible and changing quickly; we can’t see it yet, but the color of your baby’s eyes is determined at the moment the sperm fertilized your egg.the digestive system is beginning to link up with the mouth. You may be noticing that your jeans are getting too tight by now. It is entirely normal as your body is preparing and making room for your baby or babies.

 

#week 7

Baby length 1.6cm

Baby weight 1gm

Your little one is starting to look like a baby. Your baby’s arms and legs continue to develop. Although the lungs are developing, your baby won’t take the first breath until after being born. The placenta, which is still forming alongside your baby, will provide all the oxygen your baby requires until then. You may feel like a teenager again as a few pimples may start popping up – but this is a normal reaction to increased hormones

 

#week 8

Baby length 2.3cm

Baby weight 2gm         

The heart of baby, which was previously only two-chambered, has now developed into a tiny perfect replica of a fully grown adult heart with four chambers working to pump the blood around the body. The bones of your baby’s arms and legs will start to firm up, and the trunk will straighten.

Take it easy on the vitamin A as too much can be harmful to your baby, so stay away from liver and fish liver oils. Try to avoid sugary snacks during the day as they will only give you a temporary energy boost, and you’ll end up feeling even more tired. Your meat has to be cooked properly– that means there should be no pink meat inside.

Remember, whatever you put into your mouth is going to reach the baby via the umbilical cord.

 

# Week 9

Baby length 3.1cm

Baby weight 4gm

The kidneys, liver, brain, and lungs are all beginning to function, and the heart is almost fully developed. Your baby’s head is now half the size of the body, and that little tail that made him or she resembles a tadpole is starting to disappear. Depending on the position of the baby, it may not be until week 14 before the heartbeat can be heard. Depending on the position of the baby, it may not be until week 14 before the heartbeat can be heard. Your little one will notice the onions and garlic in your diet. By the time you’re 13 to 15 weeks pregnant, your baby’s taste buds have fully developed, and he or she can start sampling different flavors from your diet.

 

# Week 10

Baby length 4.1cm              

Baby weight 7gm

Your baby is now busy moving around inside your uterus. This week is the beginning of three weeks when your baby will double in length. Your baby looks more human now than ever before with a visible neck, straighter back, and thicker skin. The head is almost as big as the rest of your baby’s body. With the extra blood volume, you may notice that you feel warmer and even thirstier. Your hair becomes luscious, and nails become more energetic and are less likely to break.   

# week 11

Baby length 5.4cm

Baby weight 14gm 

The muscular system and nervous system are responding to each other, and your baby is now able to bend, stretch, kick, and even make faces. The sex of your baby is becoming more pronounced, and the kidneys are now producing urine from the amniotic fluid that he or she ingests. You may notice some bloating, which is a result of hormonal changes causing your digestive system to slow down. This is the time when morning sickness starts to decrease, although, for some women, it lasts a few weeks longer. Shark, swordfish, and marlin should be avoided due to their high mercury content. Tuna should only be consumed minimally, no more than once a week. This is because mercury can damage your baby’s nervous system possibly through their pregnancy.

 

# Week 12                              

Baby length 7.4cm

Baby weight 23gm

Your baby is growing. Baby now can open and close. It’s just a matter of time before the thumb and mouth meet. All the organs of your baby’s digestive system are developing into their final shapes including the stomach, liver, pancreas and intestines. You may also begin to notice stretch marks on your breasts, abdomen and lower back. The degree to which stretch marks develop will depend on your skin’s elasticity.

2nd trimester

Pregnancy week by week 13 to24

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Pregnancy week by week 13 to 24
Pregnancy week by week 13 to24

# Week 13

Baby length 8.7cm

Baby weight 45gm

Your baby’s skin is very translucent at this point, and all the tiny veins in the body are visible. The small hairs present all over a baby’s body – is growing. These will eventually form the fingerprints pattern on your baby’s fingers). Hormonal changes may cause some constipation at this point. You will be noticing some weight gain and as long as you are eating a healthy diet.

 

# Week 14

Baby length 10.1cm 

Baby weight 70gm

Your baby’s hairline is forming, and hair is starting to grow on your baby’s head. Even the eyelashes and eyebrows are growing. Your body becomes prone to contracting the flu, colds, and other viruses during pregnancy. It’s not because you are not as healthy.

 

# Week 15

Baby length 11.6cm

Baby weight 100gm

Even though Baby is still quite small, the little heart is pumping approximately 25 quarts of blood every day. The bones inside your baby’s body are hardening, and the tiny legs and arms are now completely formed. Don’t worry if you haven’t felt any movement yet, as it may take a few more weeks before you can feel your baby’s first kicks.

 

# Week 16

Baby length 13cm

Baby weight 140gm

The veins that have been showing through your baby’s skin are becoming less obvious as fat formation begins. Even though Baby has had taste buds for quite some time, it is only now that it can make out differences in flavor. Your pregnancy is more visible now that your uterus is the size of a small melon. Your breasts are continuing to grow and may begin to show signs of stretch marks.

 

# Week 17

Baby length 14.2cm

Baby weight 190gm

on a 17-week baby’s hearing has now developed so that it can hear the sounds coming from outside the womb much clearer. baby’s immune system is busy preparing for life outside the womb. Your baby’s umbilical cord is growing and continues to support your baby’s growing needs. You may get moments of dizziness or faintness as your blood flow increases.

 

# Week 18

Baby length15.3cm

weight 240gm

on week 18 Baby will be developing more regular sleep patterns by now, and you may become aware of them – especially since most babies get more active when mom tries to go to sleep. If your baby is a boy, his testes will start descending into the scrotum, and if your baby is a girl, her uterus is entirely developed by now. Your emotional ups and downs have probably leveled out by now, which implies that you are more at ease with the changes going on in your body.

 

# Week 19

Baby length 25.6cm

Baby weight 300gm

Your baby now looks very much like it will look at birth. The bone marrow is making blood cells by far. Your baby is now able to blink. You may notice your sex drive returning, a normal occurrence in the second trimester. It may take some maneuvering to find a comfortable position, but sex is safe unless your doctor has told you to abstain.

 

# Week 20

Baby length 26.7cm

Baby weight 360gm




Movements of your baby are deliberate and to prepare its motor skills and coordination. Even though the hair is growing on your baby’s head, the color will be white as the pigment has not yet developed. Your uterus is expanding and is now at the belly button level. Your physiotherapist may recommend a pelvic support belt to help ease your pain, especially if you suffer from PGP (Pelvic Girdle Pain).

 

# Week 21

Baby length 27.8cm

Baby weight 430gm

Movements of your baby are deliberate and to prepare its motor skills and coordination. Your baby’s skin is wrinkled and is of a pinkish-red color, but still translucent. The limbs are proportionate, but your baby is still fragile, weighing approximately one-seventh of the final weight at birth.

 

# Week 22

Baby length 28.9cm

Baby weight 501gm

Your baby weighs about one pound (500 grams) now and has a good chance of survival if born early. The possibility of survival depends on the week of gestation, the mother’s health, the reason for premature labor, and the quality of medical care received. In case you’re suffering from back pain, it will bother you more as your belly is getting bigger.

 

# Week 23

Baby length 30cm

Baby weight 600gm

Your baby’s hair is beginning to change to the color that it will have at birth. Your baby’s weight will double in the next four weeks. If you are getting wobbly while walking at this stage, then this is a normal reaction to the change in your center of gravity. Take extra care, especially while climbing stairs.

 

 

# Week 24

Baby length 34.6cm

Baby weight 660gm

Your baby’s primitive memory is beginning to develop, implying that music and voices will be leaving an impression in your little one’s brain. Your baby’s skin has now changed from translucent to a more opaque in appearance. You may begin to notice that your baby responds to outside sounds and jumps at sudden loud noises.

Read about Baby Boy Symptoms in Pregnancy




 

3rd trimester

Pregnancy week by week 25 to 36+

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# Week  25

Baby length 35.6cm

Baby weight 760gm

The little brain is beginning a period of growth, and over 50 percent of your baby’s energy will be used for this purpose. Your baby’s eyes are thoroughly developed, and the brain can register various stimuli such as sound and light.

 

# Week 26

Baby length 36.6cm

Baby weight 875gm

Babies who are born between twenty-seven and thirty-two weeks have a good chance of survival. Even though your baby’s skeleton is entirely developed, the joints are not yet connected. By this time your uterus has come very close to your rib cage; hence, shortness of breath is quite common.

 

# Week 27

Baby length 37.6cm

Baby weight 1005gm

Your baby can recognize different levels of light, even inside your womb. Even though Baby still has to grow a lot, the little body is getting chubbier as fat is depositing under the wrinkled skin. Muscles are developing some tone, as well. It may seem bizarre, but you might notice your memory becoming less than perfect. This is due to the emotional impact of pregnancy and is often called ‘pregnancy brain.

 

# Week 28                                                                                  

Baby length 38.6 cm

Baby weight 1153gm

Your baby’s brain is now maintaining body temperature and also controls breathing. You may even feel Baby cough. Your baby’s skin is beginning to look less wrinkly, and more as it will look at birth.

 

 

 

# Week 29

Baby length 39.9cm

Baby weight 1319gm

The hair on your baby’s head is growing thicker at this point. It’s essential to pay attention to any sudden weight gain or swelling of the body and see your doctor immediately

 

# Week 30

 length 41.1cm

weight 1502gm

Baby gain as much as half a pound a week from now until birth, the weight gain varies from baby to baby.

 

# Week 31

 length 42.4cm

 weight 1702gm

Your baby can now use all of the five senses. Baby is busy looking around; practicing breathing, grabbing whatever is in reach, tasting amniotic fluid, and listening to the sound.

 

 

 # Week 32

length 43.7cm

 weight 1918gm

Baby Lungs are almost completely ready for breathing on their own, and if your baby is born now, Baby needs only a little medical support.

 

# Week 33

 length 45cm

 weight 2146gm

Baby digestive system is fully working by itself. Pregnant woman’s body metabolizes sugar; you might find yourself feeling shaky before a meal.

 

# Week 34

Baby length46.2cm

Baby weight 2383gm

Your body is getting ready to give birth, and your cervix may have begun to dilate. You’ll be feeling a sensation of kicking in your ribs if your baby is lying head down in your uterus, which is a good indication.

 

# Week 35

 length 47.4 cm

weight 2622gm

Your baby’s cheeks are developing fat. The cheek muscles are also growing, creating that lovely chubby appearance. Movements you are likely to feel now are jabs from his arms and legs, and possibly painful kicks to your ribs.

 

# Week 36                      

length 48.6cm

weight 2859gm

Baby growth slows down at this point, and your baby is busy practicing for life after birth. You may have begun to have some vaginal discharge. Your baby is probably head down by now, but if not, there is still a chance that your little one may turn into proper position.

 

# Week 37

length 51.7cm

weight 3597gm

When the baby is ready to come out, there will be chemical messages released from your baby’s brain that will increase the levels of Harmons in your body.

Baby birth.

Congratulation!  You have reached the end of your pregnancy and the moments away from holding your baby in your arms. At the birth, whether natural or C section, the baby may have a rush, some skin peeling, and dryness. Baby weight eight to nine pounds at the time of birth.


 

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